The first questions that arise for a person who decides to change his or her country of residence: on what grounds to enter another country? Do I meet the requirements?
For Canada, brief answers to these questions are provided below.
The information in this article is updated and current as of April 06, 2016.
How do I enter Canada?
Entry into Canada is strictly regulated by law. The laws are enforced by Citizenship and Immigration Canada, or CIC for short. In 2016, CIC changed its name to IRCC (Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada), but it still has the same name as CIC. This agency has various branches in Canada and offices around the world – visa offices, opened at embassies and consulates of Canada.
A temporary (“visitor”) visa is required for temporary (up to several months) stay in Canada. Visitors, who are citizens of countries with “visa-free” entry to Canada, do not need to apply for a Canadian visa in advance; such visa (more precisely – the stamp that allows you to stay in the country) is stamped in your passport when you arrive in Canada. However, they must complete the Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) process to enter Canada. Without this procedure, a visitor from a “visa-free” country will not be allowed to board a flight to Canada. Exceptions are U.S. citizens – they do not need electronic authorization.
In other cases, it is necessary to apply for a temporary visa in advance to the visa office. General information about temporary visas to Canada is available on our website.
Temporary visas to Canada
An immigrant visa is required to be eligible for permanent residence in Canada after entry. Obtaining such a visa is a long, complex and expensive process, generally referred to as immigration. The main ways to obtain an immigrant visa to Canada are listed below.
Applying for an immigrant program in Canada
In Canada, there are many so-called immigration programs. Each such immigration program is a specific set of requirements and procedures necessary for a candidate to go through the immigration process and obtain an immigrant visa.
There is a distinction between federal and provincial immigration programs to Canada.
Federal programs are available throughout Canada, with no reference to a particular province (except Quebec). Provincial programs are province-specific and are designed so that an immigrant is as likely as possible to stay in a particular province.
Candidates who qualify to apply for immigration under one of the major immigration programs are selected through the Express Entry system. This system is an online resource where anyone who wishes to immigrate to Canada can register, provided the following conditions are met:
A valid language test score (for example, for English – IELTS General with a score of at least 6.0 for each module).
Availability of the results of an official evaluation of educational records (or post-secondary education obtained in Canada)
Meet the basic requirements of at least one of the immigration programs (for example, the ability to earn 67 points in the Federal Skilled Workers program)
Of all Express Entry registrations, a certain number of applicants are selected periodically (every two to four weeks) and are invited to apply for immigration to Canada.
On our website you can find detailed information on how the Express Entry system works and what Express Entry passes currently are.
Federal Canada Immigrant Program Requirements
The main federal immigration programs are Federal Skilled Worker and Canadian Experience Class, suitable for many applicants. Recently, the Federal Skilled Trades program has also been introduced, and for successful businessmen and entrepreneurs, there are also so-called business immigration programs.
The Federal Skilled Worker (FSW) is a core program suitable for candidates outside of Canada and is focused on skilled professionals.
Canadian Experience Class (CEC) – A program that only qualified professionals who have worked in Canada may immigrate.
Federal Skilled Trades (FST) – A program that is designed for professionals in their working professions (primarily those who have worked in Canada).
Federal Skilled Worker (FST) – A program designed for workers who have worked in Canada.
Under the Federal Skilled Worker program, candidates who meet the following basic requirements may complete the immigration process:
At least one year of work experience in any skilled occupation (specialty that requires a post-secondary education).
high level of English or French (approximately 7 out of 10)
good education confirmed by an accredited organization (WES, ICAS, etc.)
Canadian Experience Class
Basic Canadian Experience Class requirements:
good English or French
At least one year of full-time employment in Canada as a foreign professional (in legal status, in a position requiring a post-secondary vocational education)
Business immigration programs to Canada require not only large enough money, but also proof that money is earned legally. The very fact of having an amount of several hundred thousand dollars does not bring the holder closer to the goal of becoming a permanent resident of Canada. To immigrate to Canada in business class, you must complete a number of formalities, the description of which is not the purpose of this short article. You can find information about business immigration programs on our website.
Each immigration program also has many other requirements and criteria. It is also understood that the candidate has no criminal record and has sufficient health (both of these facts are checked at immigration).
Can you immigrate to Canada today?
To get an answer to this question,
fill out a simple form on our website ”
Specify the main information about yourself: age, language proficiency, education, specialty. We will contact you by e-mail and let you know what immigration programs you can use.
Requirements for Provincial Canadian Immigration Programs
The primary goal of provincial immigration programs in Canada is to meet the needs of a particular Canadian province, particularly the needs of the labor market. This implies a basic requirement common to most provincial immigration programs:
A successful candidate must have some connection to the province (e.g., close relatives or friends, employer, or student at a school in the province).
This requirement is often determinative, since without it, any person who immigrated under a provincial program has much more reason to leave the province.
Quebec Provincial Program
A special province is Quebec. Any candidate who wants to immigrate to Quebec cannot use federal immigration programs for this purpose. Instead, they must apply for one of the programs in Quebec. The most accessible program is the Quebec Skilled Worker program, the equivalent of the Federal Skilled Worker program. Until recently, this program was quite accessible; at present (August 2014), a Quebec Skilled Worker program requires a good (at about 6 out of 10) French language, as well as desirable education in one of the passing professions, a list of which is approved by the Quebec immigration authorities. In most cases, only under these two conditions can a passing score be expected.
This makes Quebec’s immigration program attractive primarily to French-speaking immigrants.
Having relatives in Canada
Having close relatives in Canada can be useful for a potential immigrant. When immigrating under provincial programs, having close relatives increases the chances of successful immigration. In addition, in certain cases, relatives in Canada may sponsor relatives outside of Canada, i.e., guarantee them financial support and thus allow them to apply for permanent residence on this basis.
There are also certain requirements for family sponsorship programs, one of which is that the sponsorship family has sufficient income on a regular basis.
Invite to work in Canada. Work Visa
Getting a real official invitation to work in Canada has been difficult at all times, and since 2014 it has been extremely difficult: the Canadian labor market is quite saturated and finding a good specialist here is usually not difficult. Recent changes in legislation are aimed at protecting the interests of Canadians, so hiring foreign specialists for employers is very difficult and costly.
Studying in Canada. Student Visa
Another option to apply for permanent residence in Canada is to come to Canada to study. Currently, the option of immigration through study in Canada is a very relevant option for independent immigration, provided the financial capacity.
If certain requirements are met after a certain period of study in Canada, a student may apply for several immigration programs for permanent resident status.
The main drawback to entering Canada on a student visa is high costs, which include both course fees and living expenses. Otherwise, this method is very predictable and produces good results.
Anyone who is temporarily in Canada has the right to seek protection as a refugee.
To successfully complete an immigration process under a refugee program, it must be proven that a refugee has been persecuted in his or her home country, his or her life and/or health has been threatened, and that the state has been unable to protect the refugee. In addition, all other concomitant factors will be taken into account when considering a case.
In general, there is little chance of a successful outcome of an immigration case for refugees: due to the fact that many refugee cases are fabricated, the refugee court makes an exceptionally strict and biased selection. A negative decision in a refugee case means expulsion from the country and a virtually guaranteed refusal when attempting to enter Canada.
For advice on immigrating to Canada, obtaining a residence permit, citizenship, obtaining temporary visas, obtaining work and study permits, reinstating your status in Canada, refugee status, and any other matters related to immigration, contact licensed professionals at Lawpoint.ru.
Expression of interest: a new principle of immigration to Canada
Live-in Caregiver CoML Program Terms and Conditions
Live-in Caregiver Program Requirements
Assess the chances of immigration
What awaits immigration in the near future